Why Nano CBD?

We believe the healing and therapeutic powers of Mother Nature can optimize a lifestyle of health and wellness. We know first-hand how plants and botanicals can support our bodies’ natural intelligence and bring us closer to homeostasis, with everything in a state of optimal functioning. Nature gives us what we need, protects us, has the power to heal and nourishes our spirit.

Our skin and body line is inspired by nature and serves as an invitation to connect more fully with ourselves and the natural world around us. We combine highly effective, non-toxic beauty ingredients with powerful plant and herbal allies to curate our unique offerings for targeted effects. In addition to the varied botanicals included in our formulations, we incorporate our own chemist formulated broad-spectrum CBD nano-emulsions into our products to create a synergy that supports whole-body wellness, bringing more harmony and vitality to our mind, body and spirit.

What is CBD?

CBD (Cannabidiol) is a cannabinoid that has been shown to support overall health and wellness. We infuse all Pure Dharma products with a broad-spectrum CBD, which contains most of the plant’s original compounds, including phytocannabinoids. These compounds act synergistically with our bodies’ own endocannabinoid system to optimize vitality and well-being.

CBD in Skincare Benefits:

  • Anti-inflammatory (soothes redness and reduces inflammation from joint, muscle and tendon overuse or injury)
  • Antispasmodic (reduces muscle spasms)
  • Regulates oil production (reduces dryness)
  • Can help prevent and manage acne
  • Pain reducer (eases soreness and pain)
  • Antioxidant benefit for skin rejuvenating results (helps offset free radical damage)
  • Protects skin from sun damage

CBD in Self-Care Benefits:

  • Consuming therapeutically can enhance wellness in a healthier way than pharmaceutical drugs or alcohol
  • Supports strengthening the nervous system
  • Promotes a feeling of calm and relaxation
  • Supports healthy sleep
  • Reduces feelings of stress
  • Can be used to optimize overall feeling of well-being
  • Nourishes endocannabinoid system

Full-Spectrum Oil or Broad-Spectrum Oil?

The term “full-spectrum” strictly refers to the presence of all cannabinoids, terpenes, flavenoids, and phytonutrients naturally existing in the resins generated by cannabis flowers. Full cannabinoid extracts produced from the entirety of the flower material are also known as crude oil since they have not undergone any filtering or refining processes. Anything less than a full plant extract is therefore not truly full-spectrum. By definition, a full-spectrum oil must always include THC and other potentially psychoactive cannabinoids.

Legal hemp-derived CBD products cannot contain any more than 0.3% THC, rendering the term “full-spectrum” inaccurate when referencing hemp-derived CBD products. Some marketers of hemp-derived CBD products choose to use the term “full-spectrum” regardless of accuracy or the confusion that it creates in the minds of consumers. There is no such thing as a “full-spectrum” hemp-derived CBD oil, since THC has been removed from the spectrum.

The term “broad-spectrum” CBD refers to specifically chosen cannabinoids, terpenes, and phytonutrients for inclusion in a formulation as opposed to the “full-spectrum” which will definitely include THC in greater proportion than 0.3%. The intention behind the term “broad-spectrum” is to clearly and accurately differentiate hemp from “full-spectrum” cannabis, and is therefore a more appropriate term for characterizing legal CBD products, whether they are nanoemulsified CBD products or otherwise.

Topicals and the Endocannabinoid System

Once topical cannabinoids permeate through the skin’s stratum corneum and into the epidermis, that’s where they bind to receptors in the endocannabinoid system. Our bodies produce their own endogenous cannabinoids, which is why we have the receptors in the first place. Phytocannabinoids are derived from cannabis and hemp plants and are chemically identical to native endocannabinoids. Chemicals known as ligands connect to the system of receptors found throughout our bodies. All cannabinoids, whether endocannabinoids or phytocannabinoids, are a type of ligand.

The endocannabinoid system regulates many of our bodily functions. One such function is the regulation of inflammatory responses. There are two types of endocannabinoid receptors found throughout the body. CB1 is the psychoactive receptor that also mediates pain and many other functions in the nervous system, and CB2, a non-psychoactive receptor mediates pain and inflammation.

CB1 and CB2 receptors are abundant in our skin’s epidermal cells and sensory nerves. When nanoemulsion based topicals are applied, cannabinoids bind to the receptors in the skin, muscle tissue and local nerves, quickly relieving any pain and inflammation.

Why Nano CBD?

Here at Pure Dharma we create our own broad-spectrum nanoemulsions, which we use to infuse into our products. Nanoemulsions are a relatively new innovation in cosmetics and a very effective method of transdermal delivery for topically applied skin care products.

The purpose of Pure Dharma’s water-soluble nanoemulsion is to help tiny CBD oil particles penetrate more effectively through the skin and into our watery bodies. A nanoemulsion is a combination of two non-miscible liquids, consisting of an oily cannabinoid phase dispersed into an aqueous phase, forming droplets of nano-metric sizes. Due to its structure, the nano-emulsion is able to carry both hydrophilic and hydrophobic active substances through the skin’s layers.

Pure Dharma’s nano-emulsions are made from broad-spectrum CBD oil and non-toxic plant-based emulsifiers and surfactants. We use a high amplitude ultrasonic processing technique to shatter cannabinoid molecules into tiny nanoparticles, which have been reduced to over one-millionth of their original size. It’s difficult to conceptualize just how small a nanometer (nm) actually is—it’s one-billionth of a meter. To put that size into perspective, a human hair is about 100,000 nm thick. The average particle sizes in Pure Dharma’s nano-emulsions are between 30-50 nm. The primary advantage of this small droplet size is better bioavailability due to increased absorption through the skin.

Nano scale CBD droplet size is necessary in topicals to ensure that the molecules are small enough to pass through the great protective wall that is our skin. The stratum corneum, which is the outer layer of our skin, is an effective barrier that prevents large, standard sized cannabinoid molecules from penetrating into the epidermis where CB1 and CB2 endocannabinoid receptor sites are located. Most infused topicals use carrier oils to deliver the CBD onto the skin, but these oils are unable to diffuse CBD transdermally into the epidermis. Topicals with a particle size of 500 nm or more cannot pass through the stratum corneum, whereas particles smaller than 80 nm are able to diffuse into the epidermis. For size comparison purposes, the average CBD crystal is about 4,500 nm, and when added to a classical oil emulsion using coconut oil, for example, the droplet size can range between 1,000-10,000 nm. Standard topical emulsions are nowhere near the small 80 nm size required to be transported through the outer barriers of the skin.

The result is that traditional cannabinoid topicals are unable to penetrate to their intended receptor sites located in the epidermis. Nano-emulsion is the preferred method when it comes to cannabis topical formulation, and it’s why Pure Dharma has gone the extra mile to ensure the most highly effective delivery method is utilized for faster acting, targeted results.

Benefits of broad-spectrum Nano CBD Products

  • Penetrates through skin barriers
  • Superior bioavailability
  • Increased bioactivity
  • Quicker absorption
  • Lower dosing required to be effective
  • Long-lasting product stability
Scientific Image Showing the Penetration Levels of Topical CBD vs. Transdermal Nano CBD